August 6, 2021
Hispanic Health Care International
Sarah Polk, MD, ScM, Kathryn M. Leifheit, PhD, MSPH, Amelia J. Brandt, MSW, MPH, and Lisa Ross DeCamp, MD, MSPH
Introduction: To inform efforts to provide healthcare to uninsurable, immigrant youth, we describe The Access Partnership (TAP) hospital-based charity care program and compare healthcare utilization and diagnoses among TAP and Medicaid patients.
Methods: We use propensity scores to match each TAP patient to three Medicaid patients receiving care at a pediatric clinic from October 2010 to June 2015 on demographic characteristics. We use descriptive statistics to compare healthcare visits and diagnoses.
Results: TAP (n = 78) and Medicaid patients (n = 234) had similar healthcare utilization, though Medicaid patients had more outpatient visits (10.8 vs. 7.7, p = .002), and TAP patients were more likely to have ever received subspecialty care (38.5% vs. 22.2%, p = .005). Diagnoses were similar between groups, with some exceptions: TAP patients more likely to present with genital and reproductive disease (33.3% vs. 19.7%, p = .013); Medicaid patients more likely to present with endocrine, metabolic, and nutritional disease (52.1% vs. 28.2%, p < .001), psychiatric, behavioral disease, and substance abuse (41.0, 26.9%, p = .026).
Conclusions: TAP patients had similar healthcare utilization and diagnoses to matched sample of Medicaid patients. Findings indicate policy proposals that extend public health insurance to all children would likely benefit immigrant children and not incur higher costs than those of low-income U.S. citizen children
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1.Polk S, Leifheit KM, Brandt AJ, DeCamp LR. Comparing Healthcare Utilization and Diagnoses in Immigrant Versus Nonimmigrant Youth. Hispanic Health Care International. 2022;20(2):98-106. doi:10.1177/15404153211036985